human memory

ECRAM Explained: Everything You Need to Know

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Six Facts About ECRAM ECRAM is designed to mimic human memory synapses as high-speed RAM with low power consumption for nanotechnology systems. Electrochemical Random-Access Memory is designed to be used in Neuromorphic Computing, or computing through technology that mimics human biology, specifically the human brain. Currently, the nanomaterial 2D Titanium Carbide MXene that is used […]

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thunderbolt port

Thunderbolt Port Explained — Everything You Need To Know

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Six Facts About Thunderbolt Ports Thunderbolt ports allow for 10 Gbit/s per channel. Thunderbolt 1 and 2 use the Mini DisplayPort connector. This has often led to confusion about what the Thunderbolt port is capable of. Many believed it to be a display connection. Thunderbolt 3 and 4 use the new USB-C shape connector which […]

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SSD being installed

SSD Explained — Everything You Need To Know

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Three Fact about Solid-State Drives Solid-state drives store data in cells made of semiconducting material. Although sometimes called solid-state disks, these storage devices do not have moving parts and operate silently. The first enterprise-scale SSD debuted in 1976. The Bulk Core by Dataram had 2MB of memory and cost $9,700. SSD History Data storage has […]

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Minitel terminal in use

Minitel Explained — Everything You Need To Know

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5 Facts About Minitel The Minitel system allowed French citizens to access all kinds of popular online services in the 1980s — long before the internet was in general use At its zenith in the 1990s, it offered more than 25,000 different services, including the ability to purchase products, search the phone directory and enter […]

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Flash memory - data stick

Flash Memory

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Many computer users have discovered the convenience of carrying a flash memory drive on a keychain. With this solid-state product, information moves quickly from one device to another. Other common examples of flash memory usage include digital camera cards and video game memory cards. The technology behind flash memory allows for easy offline data transfer […]

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Ethernet

Ethernet

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6 Facts about Ethernet Ethernet came about because of research that Robert Metcalfe conducted as part of his doctoral dissertation that involved ALOHAnet, which the University of Hawaii developed for radio communications. The name for Ethernet comes from luminiferous ether, a substance that people in the 19th century believed transmitted electromagnetic waves, a theory that […]

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Apollo Computer Guidance schematic

Apollo Guidance Computer Explained: Everything You Need To Know

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4 Facts About the Apollo Guidance Computer The Apollo Guidance Computer was the first computer ever built whose operation was based entirely on silicon integrated circuits. The drive to create the Apollo Guidance Computer’s software essentially established software engineering as an autonomous field. In fact, Margaret Hamilton, one of the principal software engineers who worked […]

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MYCIN Expert System

MYCIN Expert System – The First AI Medical Diagnosis

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3 Facts About MYCIN Expert System MYCIN was advanced for its time and had a competence level comparable to blood infection specialists and greater accuracy than general practitioners. The thought processes that it used were similar to human thought. Researchers wrote this system in Lisp, a set of multiple programming languages designed to work with […]

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File Transfer Protocol (FTP) graphic

File Transfer Protocol Explained: Everything You Need to Know

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8 Facts About File Transfer Protocol Files transmitted over FTP are not encrypted and more vulnerable to malicious interception. There is no visibility of the transfer process. This means there is no way to tell if a file transfer failed or is interrupted other than checking the status of the transferred files manually. High volume […]

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USENET graphic

USENET Explained – Everything You Need To Know

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6 Facts about USENET USENET was popular and used before the World Wide Web and internet browsers were easily accessible to the general public and remains the oldest internet communication tool that is still in use today. It was one of the first services to provide for many commonly used internet features, including having the […]

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SMTP graphic

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Explained – Everything You Need To Know

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6 Facts about Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, or SMTP, was one of the first commercially available protocols that determined how electronic messages – including Email and files – were sent.  Sendmail was one of the first companies to utilize SMTP.  There are two types of SMTPs: One involves sending the content […]

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RISC Explained – Everything You Need To Know

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5 Facts About RISC RISC design philosophy dates back to 1946 with the work of Alan Turing, who is often referred to as the father of modern computer science. Most mainstream modern processor designs are based on RISC architecture. Notable exceptions are the x86 line of processors from Intel and common AMD chips that operate […]

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ATM_Cash Machine

The Complete History of the First ATM/Cash Machine

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Facts About the First ATM/Cash Machine English actor Reg Varney was the first person to use the cash machine. The first automated teller machine was turned into gold on its fiftieth anniversary. Used a personal identification number to dispense money. The First ATM/Cash Machine History While there has been some debate, John Shepherd-Barron is credited […]

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Enigma machine

The Complete History of the Enigma Machine

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Facts about the Enigma Machine Breaking the Enigma Machine’s code was crucial for defeating the Nazis during World War II and saving millions of lives. The complete story of the Enigma code and the machine that broke it was not revealed until the 1990s. The Story of Alan Turing, the man who cracked the Enigma […]

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William Higinbotham black and white headshot

The Complete History of Tennis for Two

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Tennis for Two is one of the first games developed in the early history of video games. It’s a sports video game that simulates a game of tennis. Designed by American physicist William Higinbotham in 1958. It was displayed at the Brookhaven National Laboratory’s annual public exhibition. The game was inspired by the government research […]

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Cash Register: The Complete History

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The History of the Cash Register: A Complete Guide The cash register may be part of all of our business experiences, but for its time period, it was actually highly revolutionary. Indeed, the cash register didn’t first come into existence until 1879, when James Ritty, a saloon owner in Dayton, Ohio invented it. Ritty grew […]

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Harvard Mark 1 in museum

The History of Harvard Mark 1: A Complete Guide

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4 Facts about the Harvard Mark 1 The Harvard Mark 1 weighed nearly five tons and was over 50 feet long. The Harvard Mark 1 played a key role in the development of nuclear warfare, as it was used to help design the first atomic bombs. The Harvard Mark 1 was the first computer that […]

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Logic Theorist History

Logic Theorist Explained – Everything You Need To Know

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4 Facts about The Logic Theorist It created better proofs than human mathematicians. Its creation birthed fields of study like Artificial Intelligence and heuristic programming. Its invention necessitated the creation of the Information Processing Language (IPL). The Logic Theorist beat human mathematicians Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell as it offered better and more detailed […]

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Operating System magnified in a word cloud

Operating System

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History of Linux In April, 1991, Linus Torvalds, a 21-years old student on computer science at the University of Helsinki, Finland, began his personal project—to create a new operating system kernel. This modest project will evolve to the world famous Linux operating system and will make Linus one of the most influential people in the […]

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David Hammond Shepard in the 1990s.

GISMO of David Shepard

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The concept of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) — also known as transforming an image of printed text into a text code — has been around for nearly 200 years in one form or another. Back in the 1850s, inventors began bombarding the patent offices with schemes for the machine that could read Latin letters. However, […]

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First relays computers

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History of Computers and Computing, The birth of the modern computer, First relays computers The relay computers were huge, slow, expensive, and often undependable machines, but nevertheless they deserve our attention, because they were the first digital computers and traced the path for their smarter brothers—the electronic computers. Konrad Zuse— computers Howard Hathaway Aiken—MARK computers […]

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The Sphere 1 computer from 1975 (source: sphere1.yolasite.com)

Sphere 1 Computer

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5 Facts about Sphere 1 Computer Sphere 1 Computer was a personal computer, and one of the first functional microcomputers. The Spherical I was designed by Michael Donald Wise and Monroe Tyler of the Sphere Corporation in Bountiful, Utah, and finished in 1975. A keyboard-operated reset mechanism was also incorporated in Sphere 1, consisting of […]

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simon electric brain

Simon Electronic Brain Explained — Everything You Need To Know

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It’s hard to imagine daily life without a home computer playing at least a small part in the day’s activities. Whether it be for work or fun, laptop and desktop computers are integral to the way we regularly function on a day-to-day basis. Of course, it wasn’t always this way. The desktop computer had to […]

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Personal computer

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At the time (around the middle of the 20th century) when a few people knew the word “computer”, and the most of them thought that the “computer” meant a person who solved equations, there were people, who dreamed for a personal computer. There were a number of contenders for the title of Personal Computer before […]

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