As computing has become more mainstream and vital to our everyday lives many concepts have emerged that help us better understand how computers work and what they are capable of.
Computer science has developed many of these concepts like big data, machine learning, and applied algorithms. Others, like the blockchain, have sprung from the boom in cryptocurrencies like bitcoin. Some concepts can be attributed to academia as well as science fiction, like artificial intelligence.
History computer has written on the most important concepts in computing and computer science below: