Which Countries Can Make Supersonic Aircraft Today?

supersonic planes

Which Countries Can Make Supersonic Aircraft Today?

Key Points

  • The USA, Russia, France, the UK, China, and Japan are among the few countries capable of producing supersonic aircraft, with a rich history of innovation and development in the field.
  • Private companies like Boom Supersonic and Aerion Supersonic are working on environmentally friendly supersonic passenger jets, such as the Overture and AS2.
  • Despite challenges like sonic booms, high fuel consumption, and engine noise, the future of supersonic flight may include more eco-friendly and comfortable options for passengers.

Supersonic aircraft have always been at the forefront of aviation technology, offering unparalleled speed and efficiency for air travel. Yet, only some countries possess the technical and financial resources to develop and produce supersonic aircraft. 

The Concorde, which retired in 2003, was once the most iconic supersonic aircraft. Still, interest in supersonic flight has re-emerged due to recent technological advancements.

With sustainability and renewable energy becoming prominent topics in the mainstream discourse, private companies and governments alike have responded with new investments in supersonic travel.

In this article, we will explore which countries are capable of producing supersonic aircraft, as well as the many achievements in the field. Prepare for a ride through the best technology of the most powerful countries in the world. Let’s go!

Countries That Make Supersonic Aircraft

Nowadays, there aren’t that many countries that possess the know-how and technology necessary to manufacture these types of planes. Since the Cold War, it’s mostly been the top 10 richest nations that can afford research, development, and production. Still, we’ll go over all of them, so buckle up.

1. United States of America (USA)

The USA has a long history of supersonic flight as it is one of the most well-known countries to produce supersonic aircraft. Some of the most iconic aircraft in the world were developed and tested in the United States. 

In 1947, Chuck Yeager became the first person to break the sound barrier in the Bell X-1 aircraft. Later, the United States Air Force developed the F-104 Starfighter, a supersonic interceptor used in several conflicts, including the Vietnam War.

Today, supersonic aircraft development in the USA is still going strong. Several private companies include Boom Supersonic, currently developing the Overture, a 55-seat supersonic passenger jet. 

Aerion Supersonic, based in Reno, Nevada, is developing the AS2 business jet that can fly at speeds of up to Mach 1.4. The AS2 is designed to be environmentally friendly and uses synthetic fuel that reduces carbon emissions by up to 80%.

Additionally, NASA is researching supersonic aircraft and working with industry partners to advance the technology needed for commercial travel.

2. Russia

Russia has a long history of developing supersonic aircraft, dating back to the Cold War era when it competed with the United States for military dominance.

In the 1960s, the Soviet Union developed the Tupolev Tu-144, a supersonic passenger jet intended to compete with the Concorde. However, the Tu-144 had a much shorter operational life than the Concorde due to safety concerns and technical issues.

military supersonic planes
The first Su-57 entered service with the Russian Aerospace Forces in December 2020.


Today, Russia is still involved in the development of supersonic technology. The Sukhoi Su-57 is a fifth-generation fighter jet capable of supersonic flight. 

Russia also has a strong presence in the military supersonic aircraft market. The MiG-31 interceptor jet is one of the fastest military aircraft in the world. It is capable of flying at speeds of up to Mach 2.8. 

Additionally, the country is reportedly developing a new strategic bomber. It’s called the PAK DA, and it will be capable of supersonic flight.

3. France

France played a significant role in the history of supersonic aircraft through its partnership with the United Kingdom on the famous Concorde. 

The Concorde symbolized French engineering and innovation and flew passengers at supersonic speeds for over 27 years. However, the Concorde was retired in 2003 due to economic and safety concerns. 

Today, France is still involved in supersonic technology, with companies such as Aerion Supersonic and Dassault Aviation. 

For example, Dassault Aviation is developing a supersonic business jet called the Falcon Supersonic, with an anticipated peak speed of Mach 1.8 and a range of 5,500 nautical miles.

4. United Kingdom

The UK has a rich history of developing supersonic aircraft. One of the most notable examples is the Concorde, which was the first supersonic aircraft used in commercial flights.

Operating from 1976 and retired in 2003, it was capable of flying from Heathrow Airport to JFK in half the time a regular airplane takes. It was retired due to its low rentability and high operational costs. 

In recent years, however, the UK has kept up its investment in supersonic aircraft technology. The government announced a new hypersonic engine in 2019 that could fly from London to Sidney in just four hours. 

5. China

China has also been investing in supersonic aircraft technology. In 2011, China successfully tested its first domestically developed supersonic fighter jet, the Chengdu J-20, capable of flying at speeds of up to Mach 2.5.

China is trying to update the country’s military capabilities with supersonic aircraft. They see it as a strategy for battling the U.S. and Russia. They also consider it a potential area for economic growth.

6. Japan

Japan has a history of developing supersonic aircraft. In the 1960s, Japan began developing the Mitsubishi F-1 fighter jet in service with the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force. This vehicle was capable of flying at speeds of up to Mach 2.2.

More recently, in 2018, Japan Airlines announced that it was investing in Boom Supersonic, a US-based company developing a supersonic passenger jet.

CountryMost Popular Aircraft
USABell X-1, F-100 Super Sabre, F-104 Starfighter, F-4 Phantom II, A-5 Vigilante, F-5 Freedom Fighter/Tiger II, F-14 Tomcat, F-15 Eagle, SR-71 Blackbird, XB-70 Valkyrie
RussiaMikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15, Mikoyan MiG-29, Sukhoi Su-9, Tupolev Tu-144
FranceDassault Mirage III, Dassault Mirage F1, Dassault Mirage 2000, Dassault Rafale, Concorde
UKEnglish Electric Lightning, BAC TSR-2, Concorde
ChinaShenyang J-8, Shenyang J-31, Xian H-6 
Japan Mitsubishi T-2, Mitsubishi F-1, Mitsubishi F-2

Challenges of Supersonic Flight

This type of flying has several challenges, even though governments and companies around the world are working hard to overcome them.

Sonic booms are the most common difficulties. These loud noises, produced when a jet breaks the sound barrier, can seriously disturb nearby residents and buildings.

Additionally, high fuel consumption and engine noise can make the supersonic flight less environmentally friendly and uncomfortable for passengers.

Future of Supersonic Flight

Despite their infrequent use, supersonic aircraft have the potential to revolutionize air traveling. However, they still have a few issues and require time to mature correctly.

In the future, we may see more environmentally friendly supersonic aircraft. Moreover, improvements in noise cancellation technologies may increase ground-based passengers’ comfort level with supersonic travel.

However, until companies find a way to make these expensive aircraft rentable for commercial use, we’ll likely have to wait before we can experience anything like the Concorde again.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which countries can make supersonic aircraft today?

Several countries develop supersonic aircraft, including the United States, Russia, China, France, the UK, and Japan.

What types of supersonic aircraft can these countries make?

These countries have developed a range of supersonic aircraft, including fighter jets, reconnaissance aircraft, transport aircraft, and passenger jets.

Which country has the most advanced supersonic aircraft?

It’s difficult to say which country has the most advanced supersonic aircraft, as each country has developed aircraft for different purposes and capabilities.

The United States has developed several iconic supersonic aircraft, such as the F-14 Tomcat, F-15 Eagle, and SR-71 Blackbird. Russia has developed the MiG-31 Foxhound interceptor aircraft. Moreover, China has created a few well-known ones as well.

Are supersonic aircraft used only for military purposes?

No, supersonic aircraft can fit both military and civilian purposes. In the military, supersonic aircraft work for air superiority, ground attack missions, and strategic deterrence. In the civilian sector, supersonic aircraft work for transportation, research, and exploration.

What are the challenges associated with developing supersonic aircraft?

Developing supersonic aircraft is challenging due to the technical requirements and high costs associated with designing and building aircraft that can fly at high speeds. 

Sonic booms, a byproduct of supersonic flight, can disturb people and property below. They also raise environmental issues, such as higher emissions and possible harm to the ozone layer.

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