OXO Game Guide:

History, Origin, and More


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As one of the first video games ever, OXO has an interesting history and a just as fascinating origin story. From its creation to its instructions to its eventual successors, this guide will tell you all there is to know about A.S. Douglas’s early video game OXO.


OXO is one of the first games to electronically display visuals on a screen and one of the first practical uses of artificial intelligence in history.


OXO could only be played in the University of Cambridge’s mathematical laboratory by permission.


Some historians are hesitant to label OXO the first video game because of its lack of moving, continuously updating graphics.


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What Is OXO?

The EDSAC (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator) was one of the very first stored-program computers in the world, thus making OXO the first graphical computer game.

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How to Play OXO

OXO worked much the same as tic tac toe, also known as naughts and crosses, the old-school non-computer game that people play by placing Xs and Os on a 3×3 grid using pen and paper.

OXO Game Release History

– The Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator (EDSAC) was built between 1946 and 1949 – OXO was created in 1952 – The EDSAC — and, as a result, OXO — were retired in 1958

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