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Angela Ruiz Robles – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

Angela Ruiz Robles (1895-1975) was a Spanish teacher, writer, and the pioneer inventor of the mechanical precursor of electronic books. In 1949 Aguiree awarded patent 190,698 for “Enciclopedia Mecánica”.

Early Life

Angela was born into a wealthy family and completed her higher education at the Teacher Training College of León, where she taught between 1915-1916.

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Career: Teacher

Between 1915 and 1916, she taught her first shorthand, typing, and business accounting classes in León. For 1917, Angela Ruiz was a teacher and director at the Gilberto Gordón School.

Career: Inventor

Between 1938 and 1946, she wrote, lectured, edited and republished sixteen books. She published three of them: “Compendium of Castilian Orthography”, “Castilian Orthography” (abbreviated) and “Modern Abbreviated Martinian Shorthand”.

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What Was Angela Ruiz Robles Known For?

Ángela Ruiz Robles, also known as one of the inventors and designers of an electronic book earlier than the e-book that is used today, filed a patent for the first prototype on December 7th 1949.

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