Established: 2000 Founder: Jeff Bezos Headquarters: Kent, Washington Employees: 6,000 Revenue: N/A Key People: Jeff Bezos, Bob Smith
Established: 2004 Founder: Richard Branson Headquarters: Mojave, California Employees: 823 Revenue: $238,000 (2020) Key People: Richard Branson, Michael Colglazier, Doug Ahrens
Blue Origin’s New Shepard makes a vertical launch powered by the BE-3 (Blue Engine 3) rocket engine. After separation from the crew capsule in zero-G, the booster returns to Earth to be reused.
Virgin Galactic, on the other hand, uses a twin-fuselage jet that takes off like a normal airplane. The rocket-powered spaceplane VSS Unity is carried under its wing.
– Blue Origin has a focus on humans living and working in space in the future, whereas Virgin Galactic’s goals are space tourism-oriented. – Virgin Galactic uses the 80-kilometer altitude as the “edge” of space, recognized by the U.S.