VA vs. IPS Full Comparison

VA vs IPS infographic

VA vs. IPS Full Comparison

Key Points

  • There are three types of computer monitor technologies on the market: TN (Twisted Nematic), VA (Vertical Alignment), and IPS (In-Plane Switching). This article will compare VA and IPS.
  • Both VA and IPS are backlit monitor display panels.
  • Both VA and IPS produce colors and target imagery.
  • VA is energy efficient, has a wider viewing angle than TN displays, offers the best color contrast ratio available, is just as bright as IPS displays, has darker black shades, and is capable of a high refresh (up to 360Hz). The cons of VA are that it has less color gamut, a narrower viewing angle, and a slow response time.
  • IPS offers a great color range, wide viewing angles, fast response time, refresh rates up to 280Hz, and energy efficiency. The cons of IPS are that it has a slower response time than TN panels, can be expensive, and glow may occur at extreme, unrealistic viewing angles.
VA vs IPS infographic

Choosing a monitor never gets easier. Every year that passes by, new technology redefines the limits of previous technology. It used to be that every monitor on the market was a TN (Twisted Nematic) panel. Then, along came IPS (In-Plane Switching) with a significantly improved picture quality with a much wider range of color and wider viewing angles. These two competing technologies still dominate the market today. However, there is a third. Vertical Alignment, or VA, panels were developed to bridge the gap between TN and IPS in the early days.

VA panels are capable of better viewing angles than TN panels, but not as good IPS. They are also more consistently available in higher refresh rates like 120Hz or 144Hz. In the modern market, the 144Hz refresh rate is not rare or exclusive to panel technology. IPS still tends to shine as a better technology than both TN and VA panels with the best range of color and viewing angles available. However, IPS displays are typically the most expensive of the three.

It used to be that VA panels were easier to get a faster response time on than IPS panels. That has also changed. IPS panels can come with 4 ms response times and 280Hz refresh rates without losing color contrast, gamut, or viewing angles. VA panels can come to similar performance, but with a much slower response time. This makes IPS panels a better option for gaming, while VA may be a better option for office use due to its cheaper price.

It is worth noting that when discussing prices of modern monitors with VA, TN, or IPS panel technology that cost has significantly been reduced. 20” monitors with any panel technology run from as cheap as $50 to around $200. The price is dictated by more than just the panel technology, of course.

This teenager is playing Fortnite (a video game) on his PC. IPS and TN panels are much better for gaming than VA panels.


VA vs. IPS Side by Side Comparison

What It ismonitor backlight display panelmonitor backlight display panel
Primary Useproduce colors and target imageryproduce colors and target imagery
NameVertical Alignment panelin-Plane Switching panel
Initial Releasethe late 1990s1996
Conceived1971The 1990s
Influential DevelopersSchiekel, FahrenschonHitachi
Technical CommitteeHitachi
Open formatYesYes
Technology InfluencedIPSVA, laptops

What Is VA?

Vertical Alignment, or VA, panels are a type of liquid crystal display, LCD, technology that uses vertically aligned crystals. This means that the nematic liquid crystals are vertically aligned with respect to the glass substrate. When power is applied, the crystal molecules will tend to organize perpendicular to the electric field and therefore parallel to the substrate surfaces. When the panel is unpowered, the axis of the LC molecules is positioned vertically to the substrate which prevents light from reaching through the screen like window shades.

VA was created after IPS in an attempt to create a mixture of the two technologies. It creates a better contrast ratio and includes the wide viewing angles of IPS LCD display panels. The idea for vertical alignment panels was born in 1971, but the final product wasn’t released until shortly after IPS technology. VA panels are most known for their ability to reach high refresh rates without incurring a heavier cost which is fantastic for budget gamers.

Vertical Alignment panels have a bad habit of ghosting images. When a VA panel TV or a monitor is left active for too long on an unchanging image, the image can be burned into the screen. Some users may be familiar with this as movie DVD menus may have accidentally been left on overnight causing a burnt image. This is what’s known as image “ghosting”. Unfortunately, there isn’t a way to prevent this other than ensuring the panel is powered down when not in use.

VA Pros and Cons

Energy-efficientLess color gamut than IPS
Wider viewing angle than TN displaysNarrower viewing angle than IPS
Best color contrast ratio availableSlow response time
Just as bright as IPS displays
Black shades are much darker on VA panels than TN or IPS.
Capable of a high refresh, up to 360Hz.

What Is IPS

In-Plane Switching, or IPS, is one of the display technologies for TFT-LCDs, which stands for Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Displays. It was created to provide an alternate solution to twisted nematic display panels. IPS was first developed by Hitachi. They had found a way to change the physical behavior of the liquid crystal layer by moving the liquid crystal molecules in parallel with the thin film transistors. This created much wider viewing angles when compared to traditional TN panel technology.

Since then, LG has developed IPS into the next level with S-IPS, super in-plane switching, and AH-IPS, advanced high-performance in-plane switching. The first version of IPS already offered a much wider color gamut compared to TN display panels, but the extra enhancements from decades of development have brought IPS to the point where TN only outperforms IPS displays when it comes to response time. IPS panels are typically measured at 4 ms response time. TN panels still boast a consistent 1 ms response time. For office work, school projects, home management, and organizational uses, the difference in response time will mean nothing. A user who enjoys PC gaming will notice the difference in racing or competitive Shooters rather quickly.

IPS displays are also much better for entertainment purposes. The wide viewing angle is well-suited for TV use and watching movies with a wide seating arrangement. The viewing angle stops image quality loss when viewers aren’t directly in front of the screen, so even guests sitting at the furthest ends of the group will still be able to see the movies or TV shows clearly.

IPS displays are also much better for entertainment purposes.

©David MG/Shutterstock.com

IPS Pros and Cons

Great range of colorSlower response time than TN panels
Wide viewing anglesCan be expensive
Fast response timeIPS glow may occur at extreme, unrealistic viewing angles.
Capable of refresh rates up to 280Hz
Energy efficient

Key Differences:

  • IPS liquid crystals are aligned horizontally at all times. VA panels have liquid crystals vertically aligned.
  • IPS has wider viewing angles with no shift in color between horizontal and vertical directions. VA panels have poor viewing angles that show picture degradation.
  • IPS have a 1000:1 contrast ratio, while VA panels have 3000:1 or 6000:1 color contrast which is the best contrast available.
  • IPS panels have poor black-level management. VA panels show much darker blacks.

VA vs IPS: 6 Must Know Facts

  • In-Plane Switching panels have a wider range of color and the best viewing angles compared to Vertical Alignment or Twisted Nematic panels.
  • In-Plane Switching panels are capable of much faster response times than Vertical Alignment panels but are still slower than twisted Nematic panels.
  • Vertical Alignment panels have the best contrast and image depth available on a monitor.
  • IPS displays are the technology of choice for graphic design and professional use.
  • VA monitors are cheaper than IPS displays but are not as widely available as IPS or TN displays.
  • IPS and TN panels are much better for gaming than VA panels. TN panels have often been referred to as the “go-to” tech for gaming.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is VA panel better than IPS?

In general, IPS panels are superior to VA panels. This is due to the better color range, faster response times, and wider viewing angles. Combining those aspects of IPS panels with current advancements that allow for high refresh rates up to 280Hz and 4 ms response times, IPS panels are far more capable than VA panels.

Is VA or IPS better for gaming?

IPS panels are better for gaming. You may need to search around for an IPS display with a higher refresh and 4 ms response time, but it will outperform a VA panel. VA monitors can handle higher refresh rates but have slow response times and a smaller color gamut. VA monitors only advantage is being a cheaper price.

Is VA or IPS better for work?

The image quality of IPS panels is far better for long-term users than VA panels. The clarity and quick responsiveness will cause less strain on your eyes and reduce fatigue.

How bad is VA compared to IPS?

VA isn’t quite as capable as IPS. It can be the same resolution, refresh rate, and size, but it will always lack the color brilliance and response time offered by IPS panels. This is a clear advantage for gamers, designers, 3D modelers, and other professions that spend ample amounts of time working through a computer. VA panels in TVs are also known for image “ghosting” or burn-in. Leaving a DVD menu on after watching movies can result in old images hovering over what you are currently watching.

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