What is SFTP?: Complete Explanation
Secure File Transfer Protocol, also known as SFTP, is a secure file transfer protocol that uses secure shell encryption to provide protection when sending and receiving files. SFTP is similar to FTPS in that it encrypts data as it travels between systems using AES and other techniques.
SFTP: An Exact Definition
The Secure File Transfer Protocol is a web-based file transfer protocol for large files. It is based on the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and contains Secure Shell (SSH) security components. Secure Shell is an internet security cryptography component.
How Does SFTP Work?
SFTP uses a secure shell data stream. It establishes a secure connection and then protects data while being transferred. It employs several encryptions to aid in transporting data and assure that the data being processed is unread. The SSH keys must be produced ahead of time, and they assist in preventing fraudulent users from connecting to the server. It operates on a client-server model. The data usually is present on the server the case of the server. Even though the server is located elsewhere, the client can readily access the data by issuing a request. For example, when a user selects a file, the request travels across the network until it reaches the server.
This information is subsequently sent to the server which has requested it. The user will finally receive the file and make any necessary modifications. All files are transferred in an encrypted way using the SFTP protocol. SSH keys aid in transferring the public key to any system for access.
SFTP is similar to FTPS in that it encrypts data as it travels between systems using AES and other techniques.
How do You Create SFTP?
When utilizing Unix-based operating systems like Linux and macOS, configuring SFTP is usually more accessible, though it can be done on Windows. A high-level overview of the SFTP setting process will be given in this part because it would take long to account for every possible variable in a user’s technical setup.
Configuring SFTP on Windows
The SSH protocol is required for SFTP. SSH should already be installed if you’re running Windows 10 or Windows Server 2019. Otherwise, you’ll need to install SSH on your machine—OpenSSH, an open-source SSH implementation, is preferred.
The next step is to open a port for SFTP to utilize. On Windows 10, follow the steps below to open an SFTP port:
Navigate to the Windows Defender Firewall in the Control Panel. To launch a new pop-up window, click “Advanced settings” in the left panel.
In the pop-up window’s left panel, select “Inbound Rules.” Then, on the right panel, select “New Rule…”.
SFTP uses port 22 by default for communication. Then, you create a new inbound rule for TCP port 22 in the Windows Firewall that only applies to private networks.
Finally, choose an SFTP client to work with. WinSCP, FileZilla, and Cyberduck are all popular Windows SFTP clients. SFTP transfers should be possible from within the client’s interface.
Configuring SFTP on Linux or macOS
SSH is required for SFTP configuration on macOS and Linux, just as on Windows. SSH is pre-installed on all Mac systems. SSH installation on Linux is dependent on the Linux distribution you choose.
Further on, you’ll need to open up an SFTP port. System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Firewall > Firewall Options gives you access to the macOS firewall port settings.
Although you can use the SFTP command from the Unix shell to transfer files, we’ll presume you prefer to utilize an SFTP client. For example, FileZilla is accessible for macOS and Linux, and Cyberduck is available for macOS. While several suitable open-source Linux SFTP applications exist, Transmit is an excellent Mac-only SFTP client.
Who Created SFTP?
As a subsystem, the SFTP protocol operates over the SSH protocol. Tatu Ylonen first designed it for SSH 2.0 in 1997-1998. As a result, there is no dedicated SFTP port; instead, the standard SSH port is used.
He created the first version of SSH (Secure Shell), which evolved into OpenSSH and subsequent versions. As a result, every Unix, Linux, and Mac machine now comes with it, and it’s available on every platform. Thus, it is the de facto tool for computer network systems and network administration. He’s also worked extensively on SSH key management, including user authentication and host keys.
Tatu is currently interested in SSH key management and post-quantum cryptography and how to create post-quantum security protocols. Quantum computers appear to be on the verge of becoming a reality.
What Are the Applications of SFTP?
Data transferred via the Internet is vulnerable to several risks. For example, hackers can impersonate a user, steal usernames and passwords, take control of a server, and interfere with data in transit. Since SFTP is the only file transfer protocol that protects against attacks at any stage of the data transfer process, it is the protocol of choice for file transfers.
Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP), commonly known as SSH File Transfer Protocol, is a network protocol that allows you to access, transfer, and manage files on remote computers. Businesses can use SFTP to securely communicate billing information, cash, and data recovery files.
Examples of SFTP in the Real World
A likely candidate for SFTP is a legal firm that needs to keep tight control on its records and access to copies of files for courts, local governments, the federal government, and of course, the IRS. On the other hand, SFTP is popular among IT professionals since it keeps their overall systems secure and eliminates risk. SFTP is also used by movie studios to securely transmit digital films to cinemas, allowing moviegoers like you to see the latest blockbuster on the big screen.