Mastering programming isn’t only about learning multiple languages fast but also about understanding the best tool for the job. The Ruby vs HTML debate constantly rages on between programmers, so we’ve decided to try and settle it for good.
Today, we delve into the two languages used in programming environments and their respective pros and cons. You will understand the fundamentals of Ruby and HTML, how they work, and what they can do in the hands of a skilled developer. This will be a truckload of information, so brace yourself and let’s begin!
Ruby vs. HTML: Side-by-Side Comparison
|Static websites, desktop apps, data processing services, DevOps, and cloud services
|Arrays, hashes, sets, and ranges
|Ruby On Rails
|Human language-like nature, case-sensitive, no need for indentation
|Uses tags to build code blocks called HTML elements
|First appeared in
|Mid-90s, developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto
|Late 1991, developed by Tim Berners-Lee
Ruby Vs HTML: What’s The Difference?
If you’re reading this, you’re probably curious to know what each language entails and its differences. Let’s look at how Ruby and HTML differ and which one you should choose depending on what you intend to code.
Syntax and Structure
As programmers, our first approach with any language is to learn how to write its logic. A good understanding of the syntax and data structure will serve us well and ensure we can always find a way to express what we want our program to do. So, let’s get deeper into Ruby vs HTML.
Ruby’s syntax has a human-language-like quality, making it easy for anyone to read and understand. Because of its accessible characteristics (and some others we’ll discuss afterward), Ruby is a highly recommended first web development language.
Think about how Python is highly accessible and widely taught as an introduction to OOPs. Ruby has the same advantages but for web development. With Ruby, statements are straightforward to read.
For example, to declare a variable, we write name = “George.”
Whereas Ruby is a classic programming language whose syntax is similar to most other languages, HTML is a bit more complicated. In HTML, we use tags that declare the unit blocks that structure the body of our website.
For example, if we want to create a text section, we can use the <p> tag (paragraph) for opening it and </p> for closing it. In general, HTML elements have a specific open and close tag.
Think about it this way, HTML structures websites as many blocks next to each other. You can choose what to put into each block. Various websites have different structures, designs, as well as the content. Paragraphs of text, images, quizzes: these are all built on this idea.
JS frameworks let us build responsive websites with modern designs. So, we can implement any idea we have, and they’ll work in both desktop and mobile environments. We can also develop with HTML in any system we want.
On the other hand, Ruby is prepared to work on Mac, Windows, and many other operating systems. When it comes to frameworks, though, HTML has the advantage.
Ruby On Rails is the most popular Ruby framework. Its purpose is to improve the development journey of any app, making it easier for programmers to compile, write and create apps using scripts written by other developers.
Although Ruby doesn’t have as many framework options to choose from like HTML does, it’s still widely used by many big companies for their projects.
Ruby uses classic functions and methods available in many other programming languages, like C and Java.
Now, to build a website with HTML, we first have to define the head and the body. But what are they? Think about it this way: the head is the first element of any HTML document and provides information to the browser, like document titles and icons.
If you know anything about how the internet works, you know that network packets also have headers that contain information for the system to know what it is receiving or sending. For example, an E-mail packet has a header with the sender’s IP address as well as the receiver’s. But we won’t get too hung up on this.
The body, then, contains all the elements that are displayed on the user’s screen. We create HTML elements using tags, and they can be nested within each other to create complex structures. For example, a paragraph may contain an inline span element that’s nested within it.
What is Ruby?
Ruby is an object-oriented, multipurpose programming language developed and designed by Yukiriho Matsumoto in the mid-90s.
Ruby is a scripting language, meaning that it doesn’t talk directly to the computer. First, we must write Ruby on a text file and then convert it to code so the hardware can interpret it. Also, it’s a procedural language, which quickly explained means that any code we write is read from top to bottom.
We can use Ruby to build web and desktop applications, data processing programs, servers, and database-integrated websites. However, it is mainly used in the realm of web development, and it’s generally classified as a backend language.
What is HTML?
HTML, also known as HyperText Markup Language, is a standard markup language for web creation. Developers use it to build structured websites and web applications.
The HTML coding environment first appeared in late 1991 and was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, who later founded the World Wide Web. A key attribute of HTML is that it structures a webpage semantically using building sections called tags.
142 tags are available, and each one describes a different component. For example, we have tags for images, paragraphs, and hyperlinks.
Ruby Vs HTML: 7 Must-Know Facts
- Ruby is an object-oriented programming language that can combine statements like strings, functions, and variables to build blocks that allow us to create complex applications. OOP is the most common programming paradigm and a must-know for every developer.
- HTML is a markup language that uses “tags” to build sections of code. Over one hundred different tags exist, including built-in functionalities t improve our webpage’s performance.
- Ruby On Rails is the main framework of Ruby. It’s open source and popular among cloud backend developers. When using Ruby On Rails, we have built-in code blocks that save us time when developing our projects.
- Ruby is a prevalent programming language and the choice of many big companies. Twitch, GitHub, SoundCloud, Hulu, Square, Airbnb, Twitter, and Hulu, are some of the sites built using Ruby.
- Ruby is easy to understand and debug, making it a great first choice for learning a programming language.
- HTML is the foundation of modern websites and a must-learn for any full-stack or web developer.
Ruby Vs Html: Which is Better
HTML and Ruby allow us to build great websites and applications.
If you want to build apps and websites before specializing in cloud services and cloud development, then Ruby is a good choice. It’s also useful in backend development. Overall, this programming language is easy to learn. Within a few hours of learning, you can start coding using Ruby On Rails.
On the other hand, HTML is the obvious choice for front-end development, translating designs into functional and responsive websites. The learning curve is also beginner-friendly, and if you decide to learn HTML, you will build your first site in no time. However, you should remember that Ruby is an OOPs and that HTML doesn’t exactly conform to that paradigm.
If you want to become a backend-focused developer, Ruby is the way to go. However, if you wish to learn more about front-end development and webpage design, HTML will be your main tool. However, any full-stack web developer will have to learn both at some point. To learn more about Ruby, we recommend you read its documentation. The same goes for HTML. We wish you the best on your programming journey!
The image featured at the top of this post is ©Trismegist san/Shutterstock.com.