|Developed By||Rasmus Lerdorf||Brendan Eich|
|Functionality||Server-side scripting language||Client-side scripting language|
|Performance (Server-side)||Faster (Relative)||Slower (Relative)|
|Platform||Runs on a Web Server||Runs on a Browser or a V8 Engine Runtime|
|Popular Frameworks||Laravel, Symfony, CodeIgniter, Yii||Angular, React, Vue, Svelte|
|Latest Version||8.2||ECMAScript 2022|
PHP, thus, takes care of business on the back end, also known as the “server side.” It makes sure everything is running smoothly and handles all the heavy lifting when it comes to processing user data and databases.
PHP is popular because it’s easy to learn and use, with a simple and straightforward syntax. It’s also highly compatible with most operating systems, web servers, and databases.
PHP is a scripting language that follows the C-style syntax, meaning it has a lot of curly brackets and semicolons. It’s also an object-oriented language with many classes and functions.
PHP: $foo = “bar”;
However, var has some quirks and can sometimes lead to unexpected behavior, especially with hoisting.
PHP’s design facilitates seamless interaction with these servers, enabling the delivery of dynamic content to web browsers.
Although people can use both languages for server-side programming, they differ in performance. PHP is generally considered to be a high-performance language, especially when used with a well-optimized server configuration.
Compiling the code to bytecode can notably enhance its performance. Additionally, running it as a standalone binary can further augment its performance. PHP also has a large community of developers who have developed a wide range of performance optimizations and caching techniques to help improve its speed.
However, it has several advantages on the client side, such as the ability to run code in the browser’s JIT (Just-In-Time) compiler and the ability to make asynchronous requests to the server.
Developers can use the error_reporting() function to display all errors and warnings that occur during a script’s execution. Additionally, var_dump() enables developers to inspect variables and objects in detail, aiding in the identification of any issues’ origin.
- PHP was originally an acronym for “Personal Home Page,” but it now stands for “Hypertext Preprocessor,” which makes it a recursive acronym.
- Albeit not exclusively, Facebook uses both technologies heavily in its web development stack. PHP is the primary server-side language they use for their web applications. Facebook uses a custom version of PHP called Hack, which is a superset of PHP that includes additional features such as static typing and asynchronous programming.
Similarly, you can use a LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP) stack with a PHP framework like Laravel to build the backend and use React for the front end. This can provide a powerful combination of PHP’s server-side processing capabilities with React’s ability to create complex user interfaces.
The image featured at the top of this post is ©whiteMocca/Shutterstock.com.