If you are not conversant with units of data measurement, words like kilobytes, gigabytes, exabytes, and yottabytes can be complex. Most things in our lives now can be traced to or used for data collecting purposes, so knowing the differences between the various unit sizes can be helpful.
Thankfully, although the names of these data measurement units may look complicated, their meaning and explanations are simple.
Eb (Exabyte) vs. KB (Kilobyte): Side-by-Side Comparison
|Relationship to Bytes||1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes||1,000 bytes|
|Bigger Units||Zettabyte and yottabyte||Megabyte, gigabyte, and terabyte|
|Smaller Units||Petabyte, terabyte, gigabyte, negabyte, kilobyte, and byte||Byte and bit|
|Primary Use||Used to store big data, especially by large companies like Google or Tesla||Used to measure storage space and to hold small data such as a one-page document|
|Which is Greater?||1,000,000,000,000,000 times bigger than a kilobyte||Smaller than an exabyte|
Eb (Exabyte) vs. KB (Kilobyte): What’s the Difference?
An exabyte is a data measurement unit equal to 1,000,000 gigabytes. A gigabyte equals 1,000 megabytes, and a megabyte is 1,000,000 bytes. Therefore, an exabyte has 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes. Already feeling overwhelmed and confused by the millions and thousands? Let’s explain this step by step, starting with the smallest unit of data measurement: a bit.
A bit is the smallest unit in computing which means binary digit. It is called a binary digit since there are only two digits that computers understand: 0 and 1. Whenever data is fed into a computer, it is converted to this form and processed through programs to produce the desired information. Unfortunately, a bit is so small that it cannot store or transfer data. Therefore, bits are grouped into eight groups to form a byte.
Although a byte is a small data measurement unit, it can hold at least one character. Assuming you type the word “boy,” you use 3 bytes and 24 bits. This is because the word has 3 characters, which makes up 3 bytes, and 8 bits in each byte, so 8 * 3 = 24.
After a byte, the next units are given in groups of 1,000. As such, 1,000 bytes make a kilobyte, 1,000 kilobytes make a megabyte, 1,000 megabytes make a gigabyte, 1,000 gigabytes make a terabyte, 1,000 terabytes make a petabyte, and 1,000 petabytes make an exabyte. If you count all the steps from a byte to an exabyte, you understand how an exabyte is equal to 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes.
Exabyte: Real-World Examples
An exabyte is an enormous data storage unit that can store all the amount of data you individually own in only a fraction of its total. It is estimated that if all the words that humans have ever lived on earth were to be stored, they would occupy only 5 exabytes. Imagine the amount of data you store in a device’s 1 terabyte of storage, and there are 1,000,000 terabytes in an exabyte.
Data Storage by Large Companies
Currently, devices in which storage is measured in exabytes aren’t commercially available since this is a unit for measuring big data. Exabytes are used by large companies such as Google or Tesla, with vast amounts of data they need to store.
Comparison to Other Units
Surprisingly, although an exabyte is so big, it isn’t the largest unit used in data measurement. There are other larger units like a zettabyte, equal to 1,000 exabytes, and a yottabyte, equal to 1,000,000 exabytes. As global data continues to grow, such large units will become more useful, thus increasing their popularity in the market.
A kilobyte is almost the complete opposite of an exabyte. As its name suggests, a kilobyte represents 1,000 bytes. It gets its name from the prefix kilo, which means 1,000.
Compared to other data measurement units like megabytes, gigabytes, and terabytes, not to mention exabytes, a kilobyte is a very small unit. Kilobytes are mainly used to measure only text data. While 5 exabytes can store all words ever spoken in the world, 5 kilobytes will hold a document of about 4 or 5 pages.
Kilobyte Real-World Examples
Small Files and Emails
Due to its small size, it is impossible to get storage devices measured in kilobytes. Instead, kilobytes are mainly used to show the sizes of small files, small programs, or emails without attachments.
Data Transfer Speeds
Kilobytes are used to measure data transfer speeds or internet speeds, measured in kilobytes per second (Kbps). Even so, kilobytes per second is a slow internet connection or data transfer speed. A reliable internet speed is at least 100 megabytes per second.
Given how small a kilobyte is, it is impossible to come across a storage device measured in kilobytes. Kilobytes are used to measure the sizes of small files, especially text files. Even images are bigger than kilobytes. Trying to measure all the data in a company in kilobytes is like measuring all the water used in a country in milliliters.
Comparison to Other Units
On the hierarchy of data measurement units, a kilobyte is in the third position from the lowest. The only units smaller than a kilobyte is a byte and a bit. A bit is the smallest unit of measurement, and a byte equals 8 bits. Above a kilobyte, there are other units like
- One megabyte is equal to 1,000 kilobytes
- One gigabyte is equal to 1,000,000 kilobytes
- One terabyte is equal to 1,000,000,000 kilobytes
Although a kilobyte is such a small data measurement unit, it will never become extinct, even when exabytes and other big data units become a common form of data storage. As long as small data such as text documents or emails without attachments exist, kilobytes continue to exist. It is safe to say that there is no world of computing data measurement where kilobytes don’t exist.
Eb (Exabyte) vs. KB (Kilobyte): 6 Must-Know Facts
- An exabyte is abbreviated as EB, while a kilobyte is KB.
- There are 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes in an exabyte and 1,000 bytes in a kilobyte.
- A kilobyte is 1,000,000,000,000,000 times smaller than an exabyte.
- An exabyte isn’t commercially available since big companies use it to store big data.
- A kilobyte is used to measure small data such as text data.
- 5 kilobytes can hold a document of about 5 pages, while 5 exabytes can hold all the words spoken by all humans who ever lived on Earth.
Choosing whether a kilobyte or an exabyte is based on the data you need to store. An exabyte is best for big data — data that is so big then you can’t comprehend it. A kilobyte is for small data, as small as a one-page document.
If you have to choose one between the two, then an exabyte is the best choice. You can keep storing data in an exabyte device without being notified that your device is almost full. Unfortunately, such devices are unavailable in the market, and even if they were, they would cost a fortune.
- Terabyte vs. Megabyte: Size and Differences Explained
- What is a Bit in Computing, and What Does it Equal?
- What is an Exabyte in Computing, and What Does it Equal?
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