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If you’re in the market for a new TV, you’ve probably come across the terms Dolby Vision and HDR10. But what do they mean, and which one is better?

In this article, we’ll break down everything you need to know about Dolby Vision and HDR10, including what they are, the differences between them, and which one may be right for you.

Dolby Vision vs. HDR 10: A Side-by-Side Comparison

Dolby VisionHDR 10
What is it?A high dynamic range (HDR) imaging technology developed by Dolby Laboratories to produce more realistic images by increasing the contrast and brightness of imagesA high dynamic range (HDR) format developed to provide a more realistic and immersive viewing experience
Year Introduced20142015
Color DepthSupports 12-bit color depthSupports 10-bit color depth 
Peak BrightnessSupports up to 10,000 nits of peak brightnessUp to 1,000 nits of peak brightness
Influential DevelopersDolby LaboratoriesConsumer Technology Association
MetadataDynamicStatic
Open Standard?NoYes

Dolby Vision vs. HDR 10: What are the Differences?

There are two main types of HDR content: Dolby Vision and HDR10. They both offer increased contrast and expanded color gamuts compared to Standard Dynamic Range (SDR) content. However, there are some key differences between the two formats.

Image Quality

One of the differences between Dolby Vision and HDR10 is their image quality. Dolby Vision uses 12-bit color depth, while HDR10 uses 10-bit color depth. This means that Dolby Vision can encode up to 68 billion different colors, while HDR10 can only encode up to 1 billion colors. So, images will appear even more vibrant and realistic on a Dolby Vision-compatible display.

Dolby Vision also supports frame-by-frame metadata, while HDR10 only supports static metadata. This means that each frame in a Dolby Vision movie can have its own unique HDR information, whereas all frames in an HDR10 movie must share the same HDR information.

Dolby Vision uses dynamic tone mapping to automatically optimize the image for each display, while HDR10 relies on “static tone mapping” which doesn’t take into account the capabilities of the display.

Another difference in their image quality is their peak brightness. Dolby Vision supports higher peak brightness levels than HDR10. Specifically, Dolby Vision can support peak brightness levels up to 10,000 nits, while HDR10 is limited to 1,000 nits. 

So, in terms of image quality, Dolby Vision is clearly ahead of HDR10 as it offers more color depth, a higher peak brightness, and supports dynamic metadata. 

Dolby vision
Dolby Vision is a high dynamic range imaging technology that produces more realistic images by increasing the contrast and brightness.

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Content Availability

When it comes to content availability, there are a few key differences between HDR10 and Dolby Vision. For one, HDR10 is an open standard that is available to any manufacturer, while Dolby Vision is a proprietary format owned by Dolby Laboratories. This means that there are many more devices and TVs that support HDR10 than Dolby Vision. 

However, this difference is gradually disappearing as more and more content providers are beginning to offer support for Dolby Vision. In particular, all of the major streaming services like Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Disney+ now offer at least some content in Dolby Vision on compatible devices.

In general, though, you’ll have more luck with HDR10 compatibility than Dolby Vision.

Compatibility

HDR10 is an open standard that is supported by a wide range of devices, from TVs to Blu-ray players to game consoles. Dolby Vision is a proprietary format developed by Dolby Laboratories. While it offers some advantages over HDR10, such as a higher dynamic range and more accurate color reproduction, it is not as widely adopted. As a result, there are fewer devices that support Dolby Vision.

Peak Brightness

When it comes to video quality, one of the most important factors is peak brightness. This is the maximum amount of light that a display can produce, and it’s an important consideration when choosing between Dolby Vision and HDR10.

Dolby Vision offers a peak brightness of up to 10,000 nits, while HDR10 tops out at 1,000 nits. That means that Dolby Vision is capable of producing images that are up to 10 times brighter than those from HDR10. This can make a big difference when watching HDR content, as brighter images tend to be more detailed and vibrant.

If you’re looking for the best possible picture quality, then Dolby Vision is the best choice. However, it’s worth noting that not all TVs are capable of reaching the full 10,000-nit specification. 

So, if you’re looking for a TV that can take advantage of Dolby Vision’s full potential, be sure to check the specs before you buy.

Format

HDR10 is an open standard format for high dynamic range (HDR) video, while Dolby Vision is a proprietary HDR format developed by Dolby Laboratories. This means that any manufacturer can create devices that support HDR10, without having to pay licensing fees to Dolby. In contrast, manufacturers must pay licensing fees to use Dolby Vision in their products. 

Dolby Vision vs. HDR10: 7 Must-Know Facts

  • Dolby Vision uses 12-bit color depth, while HDR10 uses 10-bit color depth. This means that Dolby Vision can display up to 68 billion different colors, while HDR10 can only display up to 1 billion colors. 
  • Dolby Vision supports up to 10,000 nits of peak brightness, while HDR10 only supports up to 1,000 nits, meaning Dolby Vision can display much brighter highlights and more detailed shadows than HDR10. 
  • Dolby Vision uses dynamic metadata, while HDR10 uses static metadata. This means that Dolby Vision can adjust the brightness and color of each frame on a scene-by-scene basis, while HDR10 can only adjust the overall brightness and color of the entire video.
  • Many major Hollywood studios are releasing movies in Dolby Vision, but most TV shows and movies are still being produced in HDR10. 
  • To get the full benefit of either Dolby Vision or HDR10, you need to have both a compatible TV and content source.
  • Because of its dynamic metadata, Dolby Vision is better equipped to handle difficult lighting situations and can even improve the picture quality of standard dynamic range content. 
  • While Dolby Vision is currently only available on select TVs and Blu-ray players, it is expected to become more widely available in the coming years. 

Key Points to Remember

  • There are two main types of HDR content: Dolby Vision and HDR10. They both offer increased contrast and expanded color gamuts compared to Standard Dynamic Range (SDR) content.
  • Dolby Vision uses 12-bit color depth, while HDR10 uses 10-bit color depth. Dolby Vision can encode up to 68 billion different colors, while HDR10 can only encode up to 1 billion colors.
  • All of the major streaming services now offer at least some content in Dolby Vision on compatible devices, while HDR10 is an open standard that is available to any manufacturer.

Dolby Vision vs. HDR10: Which One Should You Use?

When it comes to HDR10 and Dolby Vision, there is no clear winner. Both technologies have their pros and cons, and it ultimately comes down to personal preference.

HDR10 is the more widely adopted standard and is supported by all major streaming platforms and Blu-ray players. It offers great picture quality with excellent brightness and contrast levels. However, it doesn’t offer the same level of color accuracy as Dolby Vision. 

Dolby Vision is a newer technology that offers an even better picture quality than HDR10. It supports a wider range of colors and higher brightness levels, making for a truly stunning image. However, it’s not as widely supported as HDR10, so you may not be able to take full advantage of it. 

So, which one should you use? If you want the best possible picture quality, go with Dolby Vision. If you want compatibility with more devices and platforms, go with HDR10. However, we highly suggest Dolby Vision because of its superior image quality.

Up Next:

Dolby Vision vs. HDR10: What Do They Mean and Which One is Better? FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is Dolby Vision?

Dolby Vision is a proprietary high dynamic range (HDR) format developed by Dolby Laboratories. It supports 12-bit color depth and can achieve up to 10,000 nits of peak brightness. Dolby Vision-enabled TVs and projectors are able to display a wider range of colors and brightness levels than standard HDR formats.

Dolby Vision utilizes two layers of metadata – one for the static scene and one for the dynamic content – to optimize image quality on a frame-by-frame basis. This allows for more precise control of the HDR effect and results in an overall improvement in image quality. Dolby Vision has been adopted by major TV manufacturers such as LG, Sony, Vizio, and TCL. It is also supported by major content providers such as Netflix, Vudu, and Amazon Prime Video.

What are the benefits of Dolby Vision?

Dolby Vision supports up to 12-bit color depth, as opposed to the 10-bit color depth supported by most HDR formats. This allows for more accurate color reproduction, resulting in more vibrant and realistic images.

Dolby Vision also has a wider color gamut than traditional HDR formats, meaning it can reproduce a greater range of colors. This results in images that are richer and more lifelike. In addition, Dolby Vision uses dynamic metadata to optimize the image for each display device. This ensures that the image is always displayed at its best, regardless of the display technology being used.

Overall, Dolby Vision provides a superior HDR experience compared to traditional HDR formats, thanks to its higher color depth and wider color gamut. Additionally, its use of dynamic metadata ensures that images are always displayed optimally on any display device.

What is HDR10?

HDR10 is a 10-bit HDR video standard that was developed by the Consumer Technology Association (CTA). It’s designed to provide a better video experience for viewers by increasing the dynamic range and peak brightness of images.

HDR10 is different from other HDR standards, like Dolby Vision, in that it uses static metadata to describe the video signal. This means that the metadata is embedded in the video signal itself, rather than being stored separately on a device or media server.

What is the difference between HDR and SDR?

The main difference between HDR and SDR is in the range of luminance that each can display. HDR, or high dynamic range, indicates an expanded range of brightness levels that can be displayed by a given display system. This means that HDR-compatible displays are capable of displaying a wider range of both light and dark tones than standard dynamic range (SDR) displays. This increased contrast ratio makes HDR images appear more vibrant and realistic, with greater detail visible in both the darkest and brightest areas of the image.

SDR systems, on the other hand, are limited to a smaller range of brightness levels. This can result in images that appear flat and lacking in detail, particularly in very dark or very bright areas of the frame. While some newer SDR displays are capable of producing quite a good image quality, they cannot match the potential vibrancy and realism of HDR images.

Which is better, Dolby Vision or HDR10?

Dolby Vision is the superior format, offering better picture quality than HDR10. However, not all TVs support Dolby Vision, so you may need to choose HDR10 if your TV doesn’t support Dolby Vision.

What is the difference between Dolby Vision and HDR10?

Dolby Vision is a proprietary format developed by Dolby Laboratories, while HDR10 is an open standard developed by the Blu-ray Disc Association. Dolby Vision uses 12-bit color depth and can achieve up to 10,000 nits of peak brightness, while HDR10 uses 10-bit color depth and can achieve up to 1,000 nits of peak brightness. Dolby Vision also uses dynamic metadata to optimize the picture for each frame, while HDR10 uses static metadata that applies the same settings to the entire video. Overall, Dolby Vision provides a more accurate and realistic image than HDR10.

Does Amazon Prime Video support Dolby Vision?

Yes, Amazon Prime Video does support Dolby Vision. This is a great feature for those who want the best possible picture quality when streaming their favorite movies and TV shows. Dolby Vision is an advanced imaging technology that delivers brighter, more realistic colors and improved contrast. It also offers a higher dynamic range, which means that you’ll see more detail in both the darkest and brightest areas of the image. If you have a compatible TV or device, we recommend enabling this feature to get the most out of your Prime Video experience.

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