Displayport vs HDMI: 6 Must-Know Facts

  • Both products have had many versions come out. HDMI has version 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 2.0, 2.1 and 2.0, while Displayport has had many similar versions, including 1.2, 1.2.1, 1.4, 1.4a, and 2.0.
  • The most modern version of HDMI currently on the market is 2.1, while the most modern DisplayPort version currently available is 1.4. 
  • Both HDMI and DisplayPort also operate on different resolutions, refresh rates, and more. among the more popular refresh rates for HDMI are 144hz and 165hz. 
  • While each system is very similar to the other, they have fundamental differences. For example, each operates its own cables, connectors, ports, and more. They cannot be used interchangeably. 
  • DisplayPort comes with a mini connector and other companion standards that allow it to be used with other devices. HDMI also has mini connectors that enable digital cameras to use its technology.
  • DisplayPort and HDMI cables will each work on any DisplayPort or Cable device (respectively), regardless of the year. 

Displayport vs HDMI:The Key Differences Explained

When it comes to wires and connectivity, most of us take things for granted: You plug a wire in, and then your computer or television set starts to work. However, that’s an overly simplistic view of how to make sure all of our digital devices are working, and the truth is much more complicated.

Displayport and HDMI are each an interface that is used to connect electronic data with audiovisual output.

Each comes with a different type of cable that can be used for tv, data sharing, electronic transmission, gaming, and more. 

Displayport vs. HDMI
A DisplayPort connector. DisplayPort is more commonly used on computers than it is on televisions.

Displayport vs HDMI: Side by Side Comparison

Displayport HDMI
What it is Transmitting standard for transmitting data to an output source Transmitting standard for transmitting data to an output source
Primary Use Transmitting data from to an audio or visual device Transmitting data from to an audio or visual device
Name DisplayPort High-Definition Multimedia Interface
Conceived The 2000s The 1990s
Initial Release 2006 2002
Technical Committee  Video Electronics Standards Association n/a
Influential Developers Apple, Video Electronics Standard Association Panasonic, Phillips, Silicon Image, Sony, Hitachi, Thompson, Toshiba
Open format No No
Technologies influenced DisplayPort, DVD Players, Computers, Cameras, and more
Displayport vs HDMI
HDMI plug isolated on white background. HDMI is more commonly found in television, and it can be used in place of the multiple cables that are often used for audio or visual connections.

Displayport vs HDMI: Summary

Both types of connectivity have many things in common. Each is a cable that can be used for tv, gaming, and many other uses. Both are major improvements to their predecessors, which included DVI (digital video interface) and VGA (video graphics array).

Both DVI and VGA were worse for gaming and could be used over lesser distances, and at this point, DVI and VGA are both rarely seen, having been more or less replaced by Displayport and HDMI technology.

That being said, there are major differences between both systems. Both use different standards, and different versions of each will be able to support different refresh rates and resolutions. 

Displayport cable
Displayport cables were created after DVI cables to be more efficient, and they are still widely used today.

©Barry Paterson/Shutterstock.com

DisplayPort is more commonly used on computers than it is on televisions. DisplayPort 2.0 can support 16K resolution, with HDR and 60Hz. 2.0 will also have a without HDR version, and this will be able to support 102Hz. It also advertises tear-free gaming, meaning that there won’t appear to be jagged cuts in the middle of a load. You can also use multiple ports while using DisplayPort. Long-distance transmission is possible with a DisplayPort. 

HDMI is more commonly found in television, and it can be used in place of the multiple cables that are often used for audio or visual connections. The most modern version – 2.1 – supports up to 10K of resolution. It also has a refresh rate of 120Hz in addition to a variety of other digital upgrades that make audio and visuals clearer than ever before.

Its cables can often extend a distance of up to fifteen meters, meaning that they are much longer than their predecessor versions. 

Displayport vs HDMI: Which is Better?

As is usually the case to answer questions like these, it all depends on what you are looking for. HDMI is more commonly found for tv, and its mini connections are often used in cameras, meaning that this is often the way to go when trying to load these two devices. DisplayPort’s are often preferred in gaming.

However, the answers to these questions depend on a variety of factors. For example, what’s the refresh rate of the DisplayPort or HDMI cable in question? 144Hz and 165Hz versions tend to outperform their competition, but if your monitor or graphics card is incapable of using a 165Hz cable, then there is no point in having it. 

Next Up…

Displayport vs HDMI: Full Comparison FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

What is HDMI?

HDMI is a digital interface that transmits audio and visual data.

What is DisplayPort?

DisplayPort is a digital interface that is used to transmit data from a piece of hardware – like a video game system or computer – and turn that data into something that can be seen or heard.

Is DisplayPort better than HDMI?

There really isn’t necessarily a set answer. The answer to this question depends on a variety of factors, including whether or not your computer or monitor can handle the specifications of the DisplayPort or HDMI you are using, the version of each that you are using, the distance over which you are transmitting, and for what purposes you are using DisplayPort or HDMI.

What is better for 144Hz HDMI or DisplayPort?

The answer to this question depends on the version of DisplayPort you are using. If you are using DisplayPort 2.0 and if the computer or monitor in question can handle the DisplayPort specifications then the DisplayPort is probably better. Otherwise, the 144Hz HDMI is likely preferable.

Is HDMI or DisplayPort better for 4K?

Either should be fine. 4K has long become a largely adhered to standard, and both HDMI and DisplayPort are well-equipped to handle either 4K.

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More from History-Computer

  • Tom's Hardware Available here: https://www.tomshardware.com/features/displayport-vs-hdmi-better-for-gaming
  • Wikipedia Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DisplayPort
  • Wikipedia Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HDMI
  • PCMag Available here: https://www.pcmag.com/how-to/hdmi-vs-displayport-which-should-i-use-for-my-pc-monitor