- The speed (frequency) of DDR5 RAM is 3200-8400Mbps.
- The capacity of DDR5 RAM is 8Gb, 16Gb, 24Gb, 32Gb, 64Gb.
- DDR5 offers a rise in data rates, high capacity per module and reduced power usage.
RAM has long been a standard component in computers, and having sufficient RAM is essential for the continued running of the machine as it is its essential memory. However, as with everything things are constantly changing and improving, and RAM is no different. DDR5 RAM is a new version of RAM which focuses on increasing RAM density and bandwidth while lowering power consumption at the same time. In particular, it doubles the bandwidth and density of DDR4 while using only half of the power. The higher bandwidth of DDR5 also creates faster processing for applications which would typically require a lot of memory — such as games and videos. Read on for a full explanation of what DDR5 RAM is and how it works.
The History of DDR5 RAM: What to Know
Since 2015, DDR4 random-access memory (RAM) has been a standard component in most computers. Still, it has finally been surpassed by DDR5, the next generation of double data rate memory that offers faster data transfer rates, higher clock speeds, greater efficiency, and lower power consumption. DDR5 memory modules also have a higher die density, implying that DDR5 sticks larger than 64GB will be available shortly.
DDR5 is the newest memory module standard for consumer PCs, launching alongside Intel’s 12th Generation Core processors (led by the Core i9-12900K) and Z690-chipset motherboards. Motherboards with the Z690 chipset (and thus the name “Z690”) were the first to support DDR5 memory modules and Alder Lake processors.
There are also some noteworthy changes with the new RAM architecture. Instead of 32 GB DDR4 modules, DDR5 modules will have a maximum capacity of 128 GB per unit. In addition, DDR5 will double the highest data rate to 6.4 Gbps from the previous generation. Onboard overclocking is available on many DDR5 memory kits. The Geil Polaris series, for example, is said to support DDR5-7200MHz overclocking, which is a 50% increase over the average DDR5-4800 kit.
Unlike DDR4, which only had one 64-bit channel, new memory sticks will have two 32-bit channels. In addition, the voltage for these new memories will be 1.1 V, down from 1.2 V for the previous generation. Also, unlike before, voltage regulation is now built into the memory module rather than the motherboard. As a result, motherboards will likely be slightly less expensive, but RAM kits will be more expensive.
There is never enough memory bandwidth, and DDR5 helps to satisfy that insatiable desire for speed. While DDR4 DIMMs have a maximum bandwidth of 3.2 gigabits per second (Gbps) at a clock rate of 1.6 gigahertz (GHz), initial DDR5 DIMMs will have a bandwidth of 4.8 Gbps. As a result, DDR5 memory will eventually scale to an 8.4 Gbps data rate. In addition, DDR5 includes new features such as Decision Feedback Equalization (DFE), allowing faster IO speeds and data rates.
The DDR5 design promises to be twice as dense and twice as fast as the first-generation DDR4-3200 modules. Furthermore, whereas DDR4 is limited to 32GB per stick, DDR5 will be able to accommodate much more data – 128GB is not out of the question. Furthermore, many memory manufacturers are advertising speeds of up to 8,400MHz, with native frequencies of 4,800MHz. Even paired with the most overclocked modules, this is a significant improvement over DDR4.
DDR5 RAM Specs
- The DDR5 RAM has a burst length of BC8 and BL16, thus a higher memory efficiency than DDR4.
- It has its power management on DIMM PMIC.
- The DDR5 RAM was designed to consume less power while doubling bandwidth.
- The DDR5 RAM expands the theoretical memory capacity of a single stick of RAM to 128GB.
- It has a higher memory efficiency and lower latency than DDR4.
- The DDR5 has a channel architecture as a 40-bit data channel (32 data+8 ECC) and 2 channels per DIMM.
DDR5 RAM: Where to Buy
Mentioned below is a list of the DDR5 memory kits currently retailed at the following stores.
- Best Buy
- New Egg
- Game Stop
The demand is high, supply is limited, and DDR5 is cutting-edge technology. As a result, these DDR5 memory kits are flying off the shelves.
The Public Response
One should expect minimal power consumption changes for a typical PC build because the difference between DDR5 and DDR4 voltage levels is only 0.1 volt. While the claimed efficiency effect may appear minor in the consumer market, noticeable improvements are likely to occur in systems that use many modules, such as servers and data center rack systems.
Aside from the usual improvements in speeds and feeds, DDR5 also improves performance through “Same Bank Refresh.” Even if only one of the 16 memory banks on the DIMM needs to be refreshed, all of the memory banks must be refreshed simultaneously in DDR4, leaving the CPU waiting if it requires the contents of another bank.
The number of banks increases to 32 with DDR5, but the Same Bank Refresh function ensures that each memory bank refreshes independently while the other banks remain accessible to the system. It’s yet another tool for extracting more performance and feeding the cores rather than waiting.
A chip couldn’t provide data while it was being refreshed, regardless of the DRAM’s entire history. DDR5 can now access data in banks that aren’t undergoing a refresh, thanks to Same Bank Refresh. This has a significant impact on data communication.
On-board Power Management Integrated Circuits (PMIC) in DDR5 modules help regulate the power required by the memory module’s various components (DRAM, Register, SPD hub, etc.). The PMIC for server-class modules is 12V, while the PMIC for PC class modules is 5V. This improves power distribution, signal integrity, and noise reduction over previous generations.