History-Computer

Covering computing, gaming, all of tech

Shohe Tanaka

Shohe Tanaka – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who was Shohe Tanaka Tanaka Shohe was a Japanese scientist, music theorist, and inventor who lived from May 15, 1862, until October 16, 1945. He earned his bachelor’s degree in physics from Tokyo University in 1882. In 1884, he and Morigai were transferred to Germany on an imperial stipend to pursue Ph.D. studies. His thesis was […]

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Leonard Stowe

Leonard Stowe – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who was Leonard Stowe? Leonard Stowe was born on March 11, 1837, in Trolly Hall. This is a large townhouse that is still preserved in Buckingham, Aylesbury Vale District, South East England. He was born to William Stowe (1791-1860), who was a surgeon at Buckingham, and to Mary, his wife. Leonard had an older brother, […]

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Leonardo Torres y Quevedo – Biography, History and Inventions

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Leonardo Torres y Quevedo Leonardo Torres y Quevedo was born on 28 December, 1852, on the Feast of the Holy Innocents, in a stone house (see the lower photo) in Santa Cruz de Iguña, a small village at north of Spain, near Molledo (Cantabria), Santander. The house in Santa Cruz de Iguña, where Leonardo Torres […]

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Ramon Verea – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who was Ramon Verea? Ramón Silvestre Verea Aguiar y García was a Spanish-born Hispanic inventor and author. Early Life Born December 11th, 1833, to Spanish parents Juan Verea Filloy and Florentina García de Porto, he grew up on the family farm in Esmorís, parish San Miguel de Curantes, Pontevedra. Although it has been restored throughout […]

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Charles Stanhope – Biography, History and Inventions

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Charles Stanhope The British statesman and versatile scientist Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl Stanhope and Viscount Mahon, was born in London on 3 August, 1753, as the second son in the noble and rich family of Lord Philip Stanhope (1714-1786), 2nd Earl of Stanhope, a British peer, Fellow of the Royal Society and a conspicuous figure […]

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Chaim Zelig Slonimski – Biography, History and Inventions

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Chaim Zelig Slonimski Chaim Zelig Slonimski (also known by many name variations through Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish, and the funny Russian version Зиновий Яковлевич Слонимский) was born in a poor orthodox Jewish family on 31 March, 1810, in Byelostok (Byelostok or Bialystok was one of the many towns in Russian Empire (now in Poland), that had […]

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Eduard Selling – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who was Eduard Selling  Eduard Selling was a German mathematician and an inventor of calculating machines.  Early life Eduard Selling was born on November 5, 1834, in Ansbach, Bavaria, Germany. Selling studied mathematics at Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in München, where he was a student of the famous German mathematician and astronomer Philipp Ludwig […]

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Pehr George Scheutz, Inventor of the first working calculation engine

Pehr-Georg Scheutz – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was Pehr-Georg Scheutz? Pehr-Georg Scheutz, born on September 23, 1785, was a Swedish inventor, translator, and lawyer, popularly known for his pioneering influence in the advancement of computer technology. Scheutz is most famous for his inventions, especially the first commercially Difference Engine called the Scheutz Calculation Engine that he invented alongside his son, Edvard-Georg […]

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James Ritty – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Few know of James Ritty, but he is a man who has influenced the life of virtually everyone who lives in the modern world. Ritty is the inventor of the cash register, and can thus be considered one of the founders of much of the modern commerce that all of us enjoy today. Who was […]

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David Roth – Biography, History and Inventions

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David Roth The Austrian Jew David Roth was born in 1808 in Cassovia (now Košice in Slovakia, but then it was part of Hungary and as such within the Hapsburg Monarchy). At this time, anti-Semitism was particularly strong in the Hapsburg monarchy (e. g. Jews had to live outside the town), but the Roth family […]

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Jean-Baptiste Schwilgue

Jean-Baptiste Schwilgue – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was Jean-Baptiste Schwilgue? Born Jean-Baptiste Sosime Schwilgue in December 1776, Jean-Baptiste Schwilgue was the original architect of the third (3rd) astronomical clock situated in Strasbourg Cathedral. The Strasbourg astronomical clock was built between 1821 and 1843, as opposed to the year 1842 inscribed on the clock. After creating the Strasbourg astronomical clock, Jean-Baptiste went […]

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Wilhelm Schickard – Biography, History and Inventions

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Wilhelm Schickard Wilhelm Schickard (see the calculating machine of Schickard) was born in the morning at half past seven on 22 April, 1592, in Herrenberg, Germany. Herrenberg is a small town, located in the area Württemberg in the southern part of Germany, some 15 km from one of the oldest university centers in Europe—Tübingen, which […]

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Charles Felton Pidgin – Biography, History and Inventions

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Charles Felton Pidgin Charles Felton Pidgin was born on 11 November, 1844, in a house in Felton place at Boston Highlands, Roxbury, Massachusetts, to Mary Elizabeth (Felton) Pidgin (born 1823) and Benjamin Gordon Pidgin (1820-1882). Charles had two younger sisters—Mary Felton (b. 1848) and Nancy, who died young. Benjamin Pidgin was a varnisher, while Mary […]

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Johann Reichold – Biography, History and Inventions

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Johann Reichold – Biography, History and Inventions Johann Reichold Johann Christoph Reichold was born on 17 January, 1753, in Equarhofen (a small village, located some 90 km west of Nürnberg), in Bavaria, Germany, where his father, the parson Johann Georg Reichold was in service. The father—Johann Georg Reichold was born in Berneck, Switzerland, in 1707, […]

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Giovanni Poleni – Biography, History and Inventions

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Giovanni Poleni Giovanni Poleni was born on 23 August, 1683, in Venice, Italy, to Jacopo (Giacomo) Poleni (1655-1737) and Elisabetta Broiuola (or Brugnol, Brajola or Brogiola). Jacopo Poleni was a well educated “middle class” Venetian, a literate and a poet, but searching for glory, he entered as a volunteer at the army of Emperor Leopold […]

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Fawcett Plumb – Biography, History and Inventions

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Fawcett Plumb Fawcett Plumb was born on 10 December, 1834, in Andover, Ohio, to Frances Merrill Plumb (1806-1899) and Laura Mary Hyde (1810-1854). Frances Plumb married to Laura Mary in October, 1830, and they had (at least) 6 children: Nelson (born 1833), Fawcett (1834-1919), Sara (1838-1921), John (1844-1921), Robert Kerr Porter (1846-1921), and Laura (b. […]

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Solomon Pool – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was Solomon Pool? Solomon Pool was a famous educator, University of North Carolina fourth president, and clergyman. His role as an educator made him famous and ranked amongst the wealthiest educators in the United States of America. Early Life Solomon Pool was born on April 21, 1832, at Elmwood on the Pasquotank, the Pool […]

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Jacob-Rodrigues Pereira – Biography, History and Inventions

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Jacob-Rodrigues Pereira Jacob-Rodrigues Pereira, better known as Pereire, was born in Berlanga, Extremadura, Spain (or in Peniche, Portugal, according to other sources) on 11 April, 1715. He was a descendant of a Marrano family (Marranos were Jews living in Iberia, who converted or were forced to convert to Christianity yet continued to practice Judaism in […]

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Claude Perrault – Biography, History and Inventions

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Claude Perrault in 1656, a portrait by Philippe de Champaigne Claude Perrault Claude Perrault (see the calculating machine of Perrault) was born in Paris on 25 September 1613, in the wealthy bourgeois family of a Parisian advocate—Pierre Perrault (1570-1652), and his wife Pâquette Le Clerc (or Leclerc) (d. 1657). Perrault was a numerous, talented, versatile, […]

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The History of People Behind Modern Computing

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Aiken, Howard Hathaway  Jacobson, Jewna Scheutz, Pehr and Edvard Atanasoff, John Vincent Schickard, Wilhelm Auch, Jacob Schwilgué, Jean-Baptiste Selling, Eduard Bundy, Willard Slonimski, Chaim Zelig Babbage, Charles Smith, Brainard Beardsley, William Kummer, Heinrich Stanhope, Charles Baldwin, Frank Kempelen, Wolfgang von Stibitz, George Barbour, Edmund Kilby, Jack Stowe, Leonard Bollée, León Kircher, Athanasius Stern, Abraham Jakub […]

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Blaise Pascal – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who Was Blaise Pascal? Blaise Pascal was a famous French mathematician and philosopher. As a converter to Christianity, Pascal’s beliefs would come to extensively influence the religion and its practice. He also engaged in extensive mathematical work, developing multiple theorems that would influence the field for centuries. Early Life Blaise Pascal was born into means, […]

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La Verne Noyes – Biography, History and Inventions

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La Verne Noyes La Verne W. Noyes was born on 7 January, 1849, in Genoa, New York, in the house (see the lower photo) of Leonard R. Noyes (1815-1891) and Jane Jessup Noyes (1820-1896). La Verne was a heir (8th generation) of the early settler Rev. James Noyes (1608-1656), who migrated to the new world […]

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Willgodt Odhner – Biography, History and Inventions

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Willgodt Odhner The swedish mechanic and inventor Willgodt Theophil Odhner was born in Westby, parish of Dalby in northern Wärmland province of Sweden, on 10 August, 1845, as the first born in the family of the forester and surveyor Theophil Dynamiel Odhner (1816-1863) and Fredrika Sofia Wall (1820-1874). Theophil suddenly died at the age of […]

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Maxwell Newman

Maxwell Newman – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was Maxwell Newman? Originally called Hermann Alexander Neumann before applying for a change of surname, Maxwell Newman was a British codebreaker and mathematician born on February 7, 1897. Maxwell was particularly popular because of his work during World War II which led to the construction of Colossus. Colossus is the first programmable and operational […]

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Robert Noyce – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who Was Robert Noyce? Robert Noyce was an American inventor, engineer, and businessman. He made a massive impact on the field of computing in a variety of ways, including his invention of the Monolithic Integrated Circuit. He also co-founded two of the most influential computer companies in history, working to found Fairchild Semiconductor and the […]

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John Ballou Newbrough

John Ballou Newbrough – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was John Ballou Newbrough? John Ballou Newbrough is a 33rd degree Mason, vegetarian, and an avid student of the world’s religions. He was an inventive man and a holder of numerous US patents, including patents for calculation devices, manufacturing of rubber, artificial teeth, furnace pot, car for railway, ventilators, and exercising apparatus. John Ballou […]

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John Napier – Biography, History and Inventions

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John Napier John Napier (John Napier frequently signed his name “Jhone Neper, Fear of Merchiston”, but later on we can find his name also as Napeir, Nepair, Nepeir, Napare, Naper, Naipper, Neperus, etc., the only form of Napier that for sure would not have been used in Napier’s lifetime was the present modern spelling “Napier”!) […]

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Johann Helfrich von Muller – Biography, History and Inventions

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Johann Helfrich von Muller Johann Helfrich von Müller was born in Cleve (a town in the northwest of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany), on 16 January, 1746, in the family of Lorenz Friedrich Müller (1715-1796), a colonel of the artillery, who worked as an architect and chief engineer in Giessen, and Maria Magdalena Josepha Hambloch (1726-1800). […]

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John Mauchly

John Mauchly – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who Was John Mauchly? John William Mauchly was an American physicist who designed the ENIAC. ENIAC is popularly regarded as the first general-purpose electronic digital computer. John completed ENIAC’s design alongside J. Presper Eckert. His other design includes BINAC, UNIVAC I, and EDVAC. John Mauchly worked collaboratively with J. Presper Eckert; they both started the […]

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A painting of Samuel Morland at age 33.

Samuel Morland – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who was Samuel Morland? Samuel Morland was an English academic, inventor, mathematician, diplomat, and spy. He lived in the 17th century and was also proficient in several languages, including French, Greek, and Hebrew. Besides inventing three calculating machines, he also created a variety of other devices. He is credited with early developments in the fields […]

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Fabrizio Mordente – Biography, History and Inventions

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Fabrizio Mordente Fabrizio Mordente was born in 1532 in Salerno, a town in Campania (south-western Italy). Until 1552 he studied philosophy and mathematics at the University of Naples. In the same year he left Naples and moved on to Crete, Cyprus, Palestine and Egypt, where he visited the pyramids and many places of Christian worship. […]

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Joseph Licklider – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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There are many claims for the “father” of internet technology. Only one has the title of computing’s “Johnny Appleseed”. This is a short biography of Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider. Who was Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider? Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider, more affectionately known as J.C.R. or “Lick”, was an American Psychologist and Computer Scientist pioneer. During […]

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Newman Marshman – Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who Was Newman Marshman? Newman Marshman was the inventor of the modern typewriter. As an African-American inventor, Marshman’s achievement is even more remarkable when one considers the natural obstacles that he had to face in the course of obtaining his education and assembling the expertise necessary to create such a groundbreaking device. Early Life Marshman […]

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Who Was Jacob Leupold? Biography, History, and Inventions

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Some people learn to develop skills as an inventor, a scientist, a mathematician, or a mechanical engineer over years of schooling and training. Others are simply born with a natural knack for it. Jacob Leupold, a German-born instrument-maker with a lifelong passion for tinkering with mechanical things, is one such person. But what did his […]

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Leonardo da Vinci – Biography, History and Inventions

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Leonardo da Vinci The Uomo Universale of the Italian Renaissance and possibly the most brilliantly creative man in European history—Leonardo da Vinci, was born on 15 April, 1452 in the village Anchiano, near the small town Vinci, in the vicinity of Florence, Italy. He was an illegitimate son of the 25 years old Ser Piero […]

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Athanasius Kircher – Biography, History and Inventions

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Athanasius Kircher The Jesuit priest Athanasius Kircher was an authentic scientific superstar in his time, honoured with the title "master of a hundred arts" and later dubbed also "the last Renaissance man", "one-man intellectual clearing house", "the first scholar with a global reputation", "a giant among seventeenth-century scholars" and "one of the last thinkers who […]

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Charles Labofish – Biography, History and Inventions

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Charles Labofish – Biography, History and Inventions Charles Labofish It seems Charles Schachan Labofish was from a German Jewish family, but he was born in Odessa, Russian Empire, in April, 1861 (most probably as Карл Лейбовиц). In 19th century Odessa was an important Russian town with a large Jewish population. In 1884 Charles married to […]

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Semyon Korsakov – Biography, History and Inventions 2

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Semyon Korsakov Semyon Nikolaevich Korsakov (Russian: Семён Николаевич Корсаков) was born on 14 January, 1787, in Kherson, modern Ukraine (then part of the Russian empire) in the noble family of the famous Russian military engineer Nikolai Ivanovich Korsakov (1749—1788) and Anna Semyonovna Korsakova (nee Mordvinova) (1765—1849). The founder of Russian Korsakovs family was Ventseslav Zigmund […]

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz – Biography, History and Inventions

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm Freiherr Baron von Leibniz (the inventor of the Stepped Reckoner and a dreamer for a thinking device) was born in Leipzig, Germany, on Sunday, 21 June, 1646, (according to the Julian calendar ) in the family of Friedrich Leibniz (1597-1652) and his third wife—Catharina Schmuck-Leibniz (1621-1664). Gottfried had a half-brother […]

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Heinrich Kummer – Biography, History and Inventions

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Heinrich Kummer – Biography, History and Inventions Heinrich Kummer The information for Kummer in Russian sources is very scanty. It is mentioned only, that he was a teacher of music in St. Peterburg. Who was this mysterious person? Heinrich Gotthelf Kummer was a German musician, born on 8 November, 1809, in Dresden. He was the […]

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Lewis Montgomery Hosea – Biography, History and Inventions

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Lewis Montgomery Hosea Lewis Montgomery Hosea was born on 16 December, 1842, in Montgomery, Alabama, to Robert Hosea (1811-1906), a Cincinnati businessman (a steamboat owner, Bank of Cincinnati director, and wholesale produce merchant), and Harriett (Moore) Hosea (1820-1875), a young painter. The couple had ten children: Harriett (b. 1838), Harrison (b. 1840), Lewis (b. 1842), […]

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Jack Kilby — Complete Biography, History and Inventions

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Who was Jack Kilby? Jack Kilby, an engineer and recipient of the Nobel Prize for physics (along with Robert Noyce) is largely responsible for creating the modern integrated circuit (also called a microchip), as well as several other inventions throughout his life. Early Life: While there is some debate as to whether Jack was born […]

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William Hopkins – Biography, History and Inventions

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William Hopkins – Biography, History and Inventions William Hopkins William Wallace Hopkins was born on 16 November, 1850, in Boone County, Indiana, USA, to Albert Hopkins (1818-1905) and Margaret Caldwell Hopkins (1830-1907) from Kentucky. William was the first child, and had 4 brothers and 3 sisters. William was interested in mechanics and construction of machines […]

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Wolfgang von Kempelen – Biography, History and Inventions

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Wolfgang von Kempelen What is behind the person, who created two hotly debated technical sensations from late XVIII century—the mechanical chess player called the Turk and the Speaking Machine Johann Wolfgang Ritter von Kempelen was born on 23 January 1734 (baptised in St. Martin’s Cathedral under the name Wolfgangus Franciscus de Paola Joannes Elemosinarius) in […]

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Karel Čapek.

Karel Čapek – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who was Karel Čapek? Karel Čapek was a critic, playwright, and novelist who wrote science fiction before it was officially a genre. He is known for several novels and plays including, War with the Newts that was published in 1936 and the play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) in January 1921. This particular play introduced the word […]

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Thomas Hill: inventor, minister, and professor.

Thomas Hill – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

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Who was Thomas Hill? Thomas Hill was an inventor, clergyman, scientist, educator, and university professor. From the halls of Harvard University to the annals of the history of calculating machines, he contributed to scientific, religious, and academic thought in the 19th century. Learn more about his early life, career, and contributions. Early Life Thomas Hill […]

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Hillerin de Boistissandeau – Biography, History and Inventions

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Hillerin de Boistissandeau – Biography, History and Inventions Hillerin de Boistissandeau The French mathematician and inventor Jean-Baptiste Laurent de Hillerin de La Touche de Boistissandeau was born on 24 (baptized on 26) July, 1704, in Paris, the first child in the noble family of Jean-Baptiste de Hillerin de Boistissandeau (13.09.1664-14.05.1732), conseiller au Parlement de Bretagne […]

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Herman Hollerith – Biography, History and Inventions

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Herman Hollerith in 1888 Herman Hollerith Herman Hollerith was born on 29 February, 1860, in Buffalo, New York (sadly, the poor boy could only get birthday presents once every four years :-). He was the youngest of six children of German immigrants Johann Georg Franz Hollerith and his second wife Franziska (nee Brunn) Hollerith. Georg […]

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Henry Alonzo House – Biography, History and Inventions

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Henry Alonzo House Henry Alonzo House was a prolific American inventor and businessman who developed machinery and processes that have had a lasting impact on several industries. It was with great pleasure that we examined his calculating device from 1870 (see calculator of Henry Alonzo House), but this restless and fertile American genius, inventor and […]

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Curt Herzstark – Biography, History and Inventions

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Curt Herzstark Curt (Kurt) Herzstark (the inventor of the remarkable Curta calculator) was born on 26 January 1902 in Vienna. He was the first-born of Samuel Jakob Herzstark, an Austrian Jew, self-taught engineer and businessman, and his wife, the "native" Austrian Marie Amalie Herzstark (nee Toman), a book-keeper. Later the family had another son, Ernst […]

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